WORKPLACE MOBBING IN ACADEME


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MOBBING
UNIVERSITÀ
& OSPEDALE
In 2004, Enrico Cavina published in Italian a book-length account of the mobbing he analyzes in Chapter Five of Workplace Mobbing in Academe. Kenneth Westhues contributed a preface to the book. It is available by mail order online from MPF Maria Pacini Fazzi Ed., Lucca, Italy, or by email to mpf@pacinifazzi.it

 

WORKPLACE MOBBING IN ACADEME

Reports from Twenty Universities

Edited by Kenneth Westhues

Lewiston, NY: The Edwin Mellen Press, viii + 410 pp., 7 parts, 21 chapters, hardcover, 2004. ISBN 0-7734-6234-1

Available from the publisher, Amazon, through your bookstore or university library.


Featured Review

Workplace Mobbing in Academe: Reports from Twenty Universities is a new book edited by Kenneth Westhues and published by Mellen Press. I recommend it highly, especially, but not only, for people concerned about the mobbing of academics (usually tenured professors). Many of the observations would be accurate across the board for all kinds of employment situations.

The book contains 21 essays, research, case studies, and "think pieces". These include essays by Westhues, Brian Martin, David Yamada and many others. The book is divided into seven parts, 1) The concept of mobbing (including a 12 point checklist for recognizing it), 2) narratives, 3) case studies, 4) predisposing contexts, 5) eliminative techniques, 6) techniques of resistance and recovery, and 7) strategies of prevention. This is rich material with diverse viewpoints.

The sections on resistance and recovery and strategies of prevention, are leading edge discussions of the important question of what is to be done once this pattern of activity has been recognized. These sections include the papers by Martin and Yamada. Solid discussions of what can be done to make it less likely that mobbing will occur, and to weaken its force when it does, are still rare. Sections 6 and 7 of this book contain perhaps the best collection on these topics yet assembled. Non-academic readers should not be put off by the academic context. I have been on both sides of the "academic divide" (an assistant professor and a non-academic systems department worker) and my observation is that most of the essentials are not much different. These writers write about academic jobs because that is what they know first-hand, not because they mean to be exclusive.

Nancy C. Much Ross, weblog, April 2005. Read the full review.


WORKPLACE MOBBING IN ACADEME
REPORTS FROM TWENTY UNIVERSITIES

Table of Contents

Editor’s Introduction iii

Part One: The Concept of Workplace Mobbing
1 Kenneth Westhues, At the Mercy of the Mob
2 Kenneth Westhues, A Checklist of Twelve Indicators

Part Two: Narratives
3 Dhiraj K. Pradhan, A Dream Professorship,Turned Nightmare
4 Hugo A. Meynell, Mischief at Muggsville
5 Enrico Cavina, The Mobbing of an Italian Professor

Part Three: Case Studies
6 O. Kendall White, Jr., and Daryl White, Ecclesiastical Power and the Removal of Professors at Brigham Young University
7 Kenneth Westhues, The Mobbings at Medaille College
8 Joseph Blase and Jo Blase, Mistreatment of Teachers by School Principals: How Teachers See It

Part Four: Predisposing Contexts
9 Melvin D. Williams, The Power and Powerlessness of Academe: toward a General Theory of Human Behavior
10 Carey E. Stronach, The Campus CEO, State Politics, and the Mobbing of Exceptionally Competent Professors
11 Martin Loney, Beyond Reason: Racial Politics at the University of Toronto
12 Irving Hexham, Forget about Academic Fraud, Were You Sexually Harassed?
13 Nathan Young, The Postmodern Classroom: Risk and Shame in Higher Education

Part Five: Eliminative Techniques
14 Joan E. Friedenberg, Political Psychology at Southern Illinois University: the Use of an Outside Consultant for Mobbing a Professor
15 John H. Mueller, Research Ethics: a New Tool for Harassment in the Academic Workplace

Part Six: Techniques of Resistance and Recovery
16 Brian Martin, The Richardson Dismissal as an Academic Boomerang
17 Kathleen Kufeldt, Eliminated but Not Annihilated

Part Seven: Strategies of Prevention
18 Dan Cohn-Sherbok, Lessons from the British System For Preventing Cases Like Richardson’s
19 Roman Dubinski, How to Minimize Workplace Mobbing: a Critique of Westhues
20 Charmian Bondi and Jan Gregersen, Lessons from a Lawsuit over the Harassment of an Employees’ Representative
21 David Yamada, The Role of Law in Combating Workplace Mobbing and Bullying


NOTES ON CONTRIBUTORS

Jo Blase (Ph.D. Colorado 1983) is Professor of Educational Leadership at the University of Georgia. Her research interests include administrator-teacher interaction vis-a-vis school reform and supervisory discourse in education and medicine, leadership preparation, and democratic school leadership. Recent publications (with Joseph Blase) include Handbook of Instructional Leadership: How Successful Principals Promote Teaching and Learning (Corwin, 2nd ed., 2004), and “The Micropolitics of Instructional Supervision: A Call for Research,” Educational Administration Quarterly (2002). Postal address: College of Education, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602. Email: jblase@coe.uga.edu

Joseph Blase (Ph.D. Syracuse 1980) is Professor of Educational Leadership at the University of Georgia. His primary research interests include principal-teacher relationships, school-level micropolitics, democratic school leadership, and principal mistreatment. Recent publications (with Jo Blase) include Breaking the Silence: Overcoming the Problem of Principal Mistreatment of Teachers (Corwin, 2002), and “The Phenomenology of Principal Mistreatment”, Journal of Educational Administration (2003). Postal address: College of Education, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602. Email: blase@coe.uga.edu

Charmian Bondi (M.A. Edinburgh, Scotland) is an international journalist, counsellor to victims of destructive leadership, and researcher in workplace bullying and organizational problems. She is involved in establishing self-help groups for victims of workplace harassment. In 1998 she contributed to a book, identifying some of the patterns of workplace bullying. Her chapter with Jan Gregersen in the present volume was initially presented at the Fourth International Conference on Bullying in the Workplace, Bergen, Norway, in June 2004. Postal address: Jarlsborgveien 5, N-0379 Oslo, Norway. Email: charmian@online.no

Enrico Cavina (M.D. 1961, Liceo Classico 1955) retired in 2003, as Professor and Head of the Department of Surgery, University of Pisa. He is author or co-author of more than 250 scientific papers, reports, and chapters, and of monographs on general surgery, emergency and trauma surgery, laparoscopic surgery, telemedicine, and most recently, preparedness of hospitals for terrorism attacks. He is past president of the European Association for Trauma Emergency Surgery, Fellow of the American College of Surgeons, and founding head of the Telemedicine Project on Tilos, Greece. Postal address: PO Box 01 85002, Tilos, Greece, and Mazzini St. 150, 86010 Pontasserchio, Pisa, Italy. Email: ecavina@lycos.com

Dan Cohn-Sherbok (Ph.D. Cantab., D.D. Hebrew Union College – Jewish Institute of Religion), an American Rabbi, is Professor of Jewish Theology at the University of Wales at Lampeter. He has been a Visiting Professor at the Universities of Essex, Middlesex, St. Andrews, Durham, and Vilnius, and a Visiting Fellow at Harris-Manchester College, Oxford. He is author or editor of over 60 books, including The Jewish Heritage, The Blackwell Dictionary of Judaica, Modern Judaism, World Religions and Human Liberation, and the text Judaism: History, Belief and Practice (2003). Postal address: Department of Theology, University of Wales, Lampeter SA48 7ED, Wales, UK. Email: cohn-sherbok@pocketmail.com

Roman Dubinski (Ph.D. Toronto 1969) is Professor Emeritus and Adjunct Professor at the University of Waterloo. He was a member of the English Department at the University where he specialized in Seventeenth-Century English Literature. His publications include Alexander Brome: Poems (Toronto, 1982) and A Chronological Bibliography of English Poetry Printed 1477-1642 (Waterloo, 1996). He was active in the Faculty Association of the University of Waterloo, serving as President in 1972, and Chair of the Academic Freedom and Tenure Committee from 1992 to 1996. Postal address: 209 Westvale Dr., Waterloo, Ontario N2T 1M9. Email: rdub@golden.net

Joan Friedenberg (Ph.D. Illinois 1979) is Professor of Linguistics and Director of the Bilingual Education Training for All Teachers Program at Southern Illinois University Carbondale. She is the author of 75 publications related to the problems and rights of immigrants. She has served as a consultant for the United States Departments of Education, Labor, Immigration, and State, over ten state departments of education, over a hundred school districts, programs and community-based organizations, and several embassies overseas. Postal address: Department of Linguistics, Mailcode 4524, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901. Email: jefriedenberg@earthlink.net

Jan Gregersen (M.B.A. Norwegian School of Management) is a lecturer, counsellor to victims of destructive leadership, and researcher in workplace bullying and management. In cooperation with organized groups for victims of workplace harassment, he contributed to a 1998 book about the bullying pattern. He has published an essay of special relevance on the trials of St. Paul; an English version was presented at the International Conference on Bullying at Work at Birkbeck College, University of London, in 2002. The essay in this volume was presented at the Fourth International Conference on Bullying in the Workplace, Bergen, Norway, in June 2004. Postal address: Bergsvingen 5, N-1358 Jar, Norway. Email: Jan.Gregersen@hiak.no

Irving Hexham (Ph.D. Bristol 1975) is Professor of Religious Studies at the University of Calgary. Before becoming an academic he served an apprenticeship and worked as a manager with the British North Western Gas Board. His degrees are in addition to City and Guilds (1961) and Institute of Gas Engineers (1964) qualifications. He has published 21 books including The Irony of Apartheid (1981), A Concise Dictionary of Religion (1993), New Religions as Global Cultures (1997), The Scriptures of the amaNazaretha of Ekuphakameni, and numerous academic articles and book reviews. Postal address: Dept. of Religious Studies, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada. Email: hexham@ucalgary.ca

Kathleen Kufeldt (Ph.D. Calgary 1981) moved her research program to the University of New Brunswick after being terminated from the Chair of Child Protection, School of Social Work, Memorial University of Newfoundland. As Adjunct Professor in the Muriel McQueen Ferguson Centre on Family Violence at UNB, she has co-edited a book and has a second forthcoming, has published eight book chapters, five monographs and five refereed articles. She has generated $1.6 million in research funds, and disseminates her research findings at national and international conferences, often by invitation or as keynote speaker. Local and national media frequently seek her views on child welfare issues. Email: kathleen.kufeldt@nf.sympatico.ca

Martin Loney (Ph.D. London School of Economics 1981), is a freelance researcher and writer for academic and public forums, notably the National Post. In the 1960s, he was a leader of Canada’s radical student movement. He was fired as a security risk from a government research position in 1971 (the RCMP claimed he was the leader of the Extra Parliamentary Opposition, a nonexistent group it said was infiltrating the public service and preparing to overthrow the state). He later worked for World University Service, traveling to Rhodesia and South Africa to assist students fighting racist regimes. He served as General Secretary of Britain’s National Council for Civil Liberties, and taught for 12 years at the Open University, where he was acting head of interdisciplinary social sciences, before returning to Canada, where academic positions have eluded him. Email: Martinloney@aol.com

Brian Martin (Ph.D. Sydney 1976), a physicist by training, is an Associate Professor in Science, Technology and Society at the University of Wollongong, Australia. He is the author of ten books and hundreds of articles in a range of fields, including nonviolence, dissent, scientific controversies, information issues, and democracy. Noteworthy here are Suppression Stories (1997) and The Whistleblower’s Handbook: How to Be an Effective Resister (1999). He is international director of Whistleblowers Australia, and maintains a richly informative website. Postal address: STS, University of Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia. Email: bmartin@uow.edu.au.

Hugo A. Meynell (Ph.D. Cantab. 1963) taught at the University of Leeds in the Departments of Philosophy and Theology, until moving to the University of Calgary as Professor of Religious Studies in 1981. He was elected to the Royal Society of Canada in 1993. He is the author of thirteen books – on ethics, aesthetics, theory of knowledge, the philosophy and theology of Bernard Lonergan, and Handel’s operas. His most recent book is Postmodernism and the New Enlightenment (Catholic University of America Press, 2000). Now retired, he lives in Calgary. Postal address: #309, 1320 8th Ave. S.E., Calgary, Alberta T2G 0M9.

John Mueller (Ph.D., experimental psychology, St. Louis 1968) has been Professor of Applied Psychology at the University of Calgary since 1990. He taught previously at the University of Missouri. His areas of research include human learning and educational technology, also history of psychology and philosophy of science. He has done editorial work for numerous professional journals, grant agencies, and publishing companies. He has published over 100 articles and book chapters in professional outlets. He is a Fellow in both the American Psychological Association and the American Psychological Society. Postal address: Applied Psychology division, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4, Canada. Email: mueller@ucalgary.ca.

Dhiraj Pradhan (Ph.D. Iowa 1972) holds a Chair in Computer Science at the University of Bristol. He previously held the COE Endowed Chair at Texas A&M, and has taught at Oregon State, Stanford, and Massachusetts. Among his many honors are Germany’s Humboldt Prize in 1990, and a Fulbright FLAD Chair in 1997. A fellow of several scientific associations, he holds two patents and is the author or co-author of many books including Fault-Tolerant Computer Systems Design (1996) and IC Manufacturability (2000), and of about 200 journal articles, book chapters, and conference papers. Postal address: Department of Computer Science, Merchant Venturers Building, Woodland Rd., University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1UB, U.K. Email: pradhan@cs.bris.ac.uk

Carey E. Stronach (Ph.D. William and Mary) is Professor of Physics at Virginia State University, where he has taught since 1965, and is now the most senior member of faculty. He has been a visiting professor at the University of Alberta. He is author or co-author of 110 papers in his field, and was chairman of the Ninth International Symposium on Muon Spin Rotation held in Williamsburg, Virginia, in 2002. He has written two plays. He received the Patrick Henry Award from Virginia Governor Jim Gilmore in 2001. Long active in the Virginia Association of Scholars, he was elected president in 2004. Postal address: Department of Physics, Virginia State University, Petersburg, Virginia 23806. Email: cestronach@adelphia.net

Kenneth Westhues (Ph.D. Vanderbilt 1970) is Professor of Sociology at the University of Waterloo, where he has taught since 1975. A former chair of his department and winner of Waterloo’s Distinguished Teacher Award, he has been a visiting professor at Fordham University, Memorial University of Newfoundland, and the University of Graz, Austria. He is author or editor of a dozen books, including First Sociology (1982), Basic Principles for Social Science in Our Time (1987), The Working Centre (1995), Eliminating Professors (1998), and Administrative Mobbing at the University of Toronto (2004), as well as about fifty book chapters and scholarly articles. Postal address: Department of Sociology, Univ. of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1. Email: kwesthue@uwaterloo.ca

Daryl White (Ph.D., anthropology, Connecticut 1985) is Associate Professor and Chair of Sociology and Anthropology at Spelman College, where he has taught since 1985. His specialty is the study of religion, ritual, and other symbolic systems. He is co-editor (with O. Kendall White, Jr.) of Religion in the Contemporary South: Diversity, Community, and Identity (1995), and (with George Armelagos) of Globalization and the Evolution of Emerging Disease (forthcoming). He is the author of numerous articles in the anthropology and sociology of religion. Postal address: Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Campus P. O. Box 375, Spelman College, Atlanta, Georgia 30314. Email: dwhite@spelman.edu

O. Kendall White, Jr. (Ph.D. Vanderbilt 1975) is the William P. Ames, Jr. Professor in Sociology and Anthropology at Washington and Lee University. A former chair of his department, he is the author of Mormon Neo-Orthodoxy: A Crisis Theology (1987) and co-editor (with Daryl White) of Religion in the Contemporary South: Diversity, Community, and Identity (1995). He has also published several dozen articles and book chapters in the sociology of religion, especially on issues of race, feminism, and sexual orientation in Mormonism. Postal address: Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Washington and Lee University, Lexington, Virginia 24450. Email: whitek@wlu.edu.

Melvin D. Williams (Ph.D. Pittsburgh 1973) is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Michigan, where he has also held many administrative posts. He received Michigan’s Career Service Award in 2004. He is the author of seven books, including On the Street Where I Lived (1981), Community in a Black Pentecostal Church (1984), The Human Dilemma (1992, 2002), and The Black Experience in Middle-Class America (2001), and of many scholarly articles. He is founder, director, and curator of the Belmar Neighborhood Living Museum, the area of his fieldwork for 40 years. He has also published field studies of the Songhees and Saanich First Nations of Vancouver Island. Postal address: Department of Anthropology, Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. Email: mddoublu@umich.edu

David Yamada (J.D. New York University School of Law) is Professor of Law and Director of the Project on Workplace Bullying and Discrimination at Suffolk University Law School. He is member of the bar in Massachusetts and New York. He is a leading authority on the legal and policy implications of workplace bullying, mobbing, and abusive work environments. The best known of his articles is his exhaustive analysis of American employment law relative to workplace bullying, published in the Georgetown Law Journal (2000). His model anti-bullying bill has been introduced in several American state legislatures. Postal address: Suffolk University Law School, 120 Tremont Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02108. Email: dyamada@suffolk.edu

Nathan Young (Ph.D. expected 2005) is a doctoral candidate at the University of British Columbia. He holds a Killam Predoctoral Fellowship and is currently a co-investigator on a Community-University Research Alliance initiative addressing economic transitions in coastal British Columbia, funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. He has published in the areas of environment and the sociology of science. Postal address: Department of Anthropology and Sociology, 6303 NW Marine Dr., Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z1, Canada. Email: njyoung@interchange.ubc.ca